World History Short Answer

(See exam tip document)CHAPTERS 10-141. Compare and contrast the Black Death in Eurasia in the 14th century with smallpox and other diseases that ravaged the New World in the 16th and 17th centuries. How were they similar? How did they differ? Consider especially their mortality, the areas affected, and how it affected various groups of people.2. Ming Dynasty and the Ottoman Empire both rose in the 14th Century. Compare and contrast the two empires over the next 4 centuries 1300s-1600s. How were they similar? How did they differ? Consider the time periods, their ascendance, their geography, their government and how they interacted with the wider world.CHAPTERS 15-173. Explain how independence movements in the United States, Haiti, and Spanish America understood the concepts of Enlightenment ideology.4. Describe and compare the religious doctrines of Tenskwatawa and Hong Xiquan. To what forces was each reacting? How did they draw on traditional ideas within their societies?5. Compare the responses of Ethiopia and Japan to growing European and American power in the 19th century. How successful was each country, and why?6. Compare the Japanese experience of state building and territorial expansion in the nineteenth century with that of the United States. Consider factors that drove each country’s expansion, the treatment of conquered people, and the type of national identity that emerged?7. Explain the reasons for the differences between the images and ideologies of imperialism distributed in the Western world and the actual experiences of the conquered peoples.CHAPTERS 18-218. As the world fought their way out of colonial control, they also needed to reclaim and establish a sense a self apart from the long and stringent influence of the colonization. Compare and contrast the ways in which people in India and sub-Saharan Africa, fought against western pressure during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.9. After World War II, populations across the world had the opportunity to adopt new ideologies as they built, or rebuilt, their societies. Name two of the models they could choose from and explain the appealing features of one of the models by giving an example of a country that adopted it.10. Some roots of the Global Depression can be seen in organization if international finances at the end of World War I. Please explain that connection and how consequently aspects of the Depression led to World War II.11. Evaluate the factors that led to decolonization following World War II. Discuss at least one specific example of each of the following: 1) negotiated independence 2) civil wars or 3) incomplete (often violent) decolonization.Short Answer Example: Below is a short answer question with an example answer that would earn maximum pointsQuestion: Trace the steps it might take for Potosi silver to make it to a Chinese market in the 16th century. Be sure to mention peoples, empires, places, and events that you find important.Answer: The Spanish and the Portuguese—but especially the Spanish—were the first to break into the silver market and establish silver trade networks withAsia. Beginning in 1545, Spain was sending thousands of tons of silver from the Potosi mines in the Andes Mountains back to mainland Spain. China already had a high demand for silver due their loss of trust in paper currency. This means that silver found its way across trade routes, eastwards across Eurasia and into China at this time.However, when the Spanish captured Manila in 1571 and established a trade post there, this is when the silver trade with China really exploded. Now the Spanish could sail directly from their mines in South America, westwards across the Pacific Ocean to Asia. There they could swiftly trade silver for Chinese manufactured goods, such as silk and porcelain, and then continue westwards back to Europe, thus circumnavigating the globe.The only things I would add to this answer is mention of the Incans as these were the indigenous people forced to work in the mines and that the work was an example of the encomienda system.