READ these descriiptions relating to appropriate use of deadly force: Texas Penal Code Chapter 9; see “Subchapter E” (Section

READ these descriiptions relating to appropriate use of deadly force:
Texas Penal Code Chapter 9; see “Subchapter E” (Section 9.51 paragraphs c, d, e, f, and g) regarding police officer use of force: https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/SOTWDocs/PE/htm/PE.9.htm
FBI police on deadly force (for FBI Agents, but is consistent with other Department of Justice federal agencies such as DEA, US Marshals Service and others as well as federal law enforcement agencies in other Departments of the US Government): https://www.fbi.gov/about/faqs/what-is-the-fbis-policy-on-the-use-of-deadly-force-by-its-special-agents

REVIEW these articles:
Different deadly force mindsets…or just different agency policies ? (focus on how different deadly force or other policies can cause a legal or policy conflict for an officer from another agency being assigned to a task force sponsored by federal agency, and his/her department policy conflicts with the task for agency policy he/she is assigned to): https://www.themarshallproject.org/2019/10/31/why-some-police-departments-are-leaving-federal-task-forces
Opinion Column – Fear and Use of Deadly Force (think about ones fear affects one’s view as a person or situation as a threat…which leads to deadly force under the policies…does one person’s framework of “fear” or threat differ from another person’s framework of “fear’ or threat when it comes to a decision to use deadly force legally?): https://www.themarshallproject.org/2019/05/01/can-understanding-fear-mitigate-police-violence
Implicit Bias (focus on the sections relating to how implict bias is formed and how to counteract it…recognizing that one’s unconcious implicit bias can frame how one assesses potential violence, an escalating situation, and/or use of deadly force): https://www.justice.gov/file/1437326/download

THINK about
The assumptions made by the authors, the Texas statute and FBI policy about use of deadly force, and your own sense of when it would be appropriate to use deadly force if you were a police officer (as in, would your personal standard be more limited than the statute or policy allows, or do the policy and statute provide enough flexibility for confrontations?) ..Is there clarity for law enforcement officers trying to be guided by the policies?
What about the subjective language in the statute and policy….words like “reasonably” and “believe” and “justified” and “necessary” and “imminent?” Are there advantages and challenges with those words?
Is there bias in any of the articles?
Any other analysis (not just opinions…but analysis of the issues and challenges and solutions, if any).
THEN, WRITE an essay relating to the articles, noting the below:
Important – this is an exercise in “critical thinking,” where you compare and contrast differing author viewpoints, examing their points, see if there is any gaps in their thinking, and examine the conclusions they make. You may have an opinion (and if you MUST you may decide to make a final comment at the end of your essay expressing it – you won’t gain or lose credit for that)…but this essay should focus on your analysis of the points being made and how they relate to the other readings for this unit. There is a difference between disagreeing with an author’s position or relfecting/expressing your own rather than finding faults in the author’s analysis and conclusions based on objective examination! (You may even agree with a author’s conclusion, but decide the author arrived at it wrong or missed something !!!!)
You must read all 3 articles and in some way refer to or incorporate ALL of them into your essay, but your essay will focus primarily on one of the articles.
Spend some serious time thinking about what you have read and your analysis and reaction to each piece….make notes and plan your answer before you begin writing. Again, don’t just say “I agree with this” or “that,” or give broad opinions generally about what you believe are injustices in the world or your community.
Focus on the articles and statutes/policy.
Guidance for length is 3 pages at a minimum (excluding title and sources pages), and make sure to give proper credit for work that is not your own (quotes, etc) using APA format for citation. Submit your essay in a Word document by clicking on the assignment title above.