Critical Race Theory is a useful framework for examining racial representations in the mass media. Delgado and Stefancic (2001) argue that there are two camps when it comes to critical race theorists:
Idealists hold that racism and discrimination are matters of thinking, mental categorization, attitude and discourse. Race is a social construction, not a biological reality. Hence, we may unmake it and deprive it of much of its sting by changing the system of images, words, attitudes, unconscious feelings, scriipts and social teachings by which we convey to one another that certain people are less intelligent, reliable, hard working, virtuous and American than others.
The opposing school:
Realists hold that though attitudes and words are important, racism is much more than having an unfavorable impression of members of other groups. For realists racism is a means by which society allocates privilege and status. Racial hierarchies determine who gets tangible benefits, including the best jobs, the best schools, and invitations to parties in people’s homes.
Using specific examples from literature that support the paradigms described above, please explore these views. You may choose to support one paradigm or argue that each has pros and cons. But, please cite the literature to the best of your ability to support your argument.