Artists Goals and Purposes in the 19th Century

The roles and purposes of art and artists changed a lot during the 19th century and these developments are basic to modern art.  The two artworks are Gustave Courbet’s The Burial at Ornans, 1849 and Vincent van Gogh, Night Cafe, 1888.  Discuss how the subjects and the ways they have been depicted relate to the artists’ goals, intentions and sense of purpose.  Also discuss how the styles and movements these artworks are related to are connected to the reasons for making them.1st painting : Gustave Courbet, A Burial at Ornans, 1848-1849, oil on canvas,10’4″ x 21’8″ 2nd painting :Vincent van Gogh, Night Cafe, 1888, oil on canvas, 29″ x 36″